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Georgian Gold & Silver Paste Set Pendant Cross

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772E

This really is a Maltese cross. It was made circa 1810-1820 and is in very good condition. The four arms of the Cross stand for the four Cardinal Virtues – namely; prudence, temperance, justice and fortitude. For the eight points and the meanings given is not so straight forward.

1. Blessed are the poor in spirit; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
2. Blessed are those who mourn; for they shall be comforted.
3. Blessed are the meek; for they shall inherit the earth.
4. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst after righteousness; for they shall be satisfied.
5. Blessed are the merciful; for they shall obtain mercy.
6. Blessed are the pure in heart; for they shall see God.
7. Blessed are the peacemakers; for they shall be called the children of God.
8. Blessed are those who suffer persecution for righteousness’ sake; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

This cross has both the four arms and the eight in the central section so it is quite special.

Many of the Knight’s Templar settled in Malta following the Crusades hence the adopted name of the Maltese cross. The Maltese cross, is the cross symbol associated with the Knights Hospitaller (the Knights of Malta) and by extension with the island of Malta. The cross is eight-pointed and has the form of four “V”-shaped elements, each joining the others at its vertex, leaving the other two tips spread outward symmetrically. Its design is based on crosses used since the First Crusade.

In the mid 16th century, when the Knights were at Malta, the familiar design now known as the “Maltese Cross” became associated with the island.

In turn English families wore such crosses to show their association with the Knights.

Written by Olly Gerrish
Date & OriginGeorgian (1714-1830), English
Measurements1.7in (4.3cm) in height incl loop and 1.4in (3.6cm) in width
ConditionExcellent
HallmarksUnmarked, tested to 9ct gold & silver
ProvenanceEnglish

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